On an average, in India, every year, about 25,000 persons die due to fires and related causes. According to the statistics released by the National Crime Records Bureau, fire accounts for about 5.9% (23,281) of the total deaths reported due to natural and un-natural causes during the year 2012. Probably many of these deaths could have been prevented, had we taken enough fire protection measures. No comprehensive data is available in India on the economic losses suffered on account of fires. However, according to one estimate the major losses reported by the Indian Insurance Companies in the year 2007-2008 indicate, that about 45% of the claims are due to fire losses.
Experience has shown that a fire system and protection systems are not always designed or specified in sufficient detail to ensure that they meet the performance criteria necessary to reliably achieve their intended role. In some areas this role is not even defined.
The problem is compounded because often the system designer/specifier has not the operational experience or feedback necessary to ensure system practicality. Also, fire systems do not provide a direct contribution to production and revenue, sometimes they are not given the maintenance or inspection priority they deserve. These situations can result in fire systems not providing the performance required, when called upon to do so.
A structured approach from design phase through to implementation is required for fire systems to ensure that they have clearly defined role with respect to fire hazards and that they provide appropriate level of risk reductions.
Fire Fighting Training
When you own a business, you are responsible for the well-being of your employees. That is why it is essential that you properly prepare them for the event of an emergency. When fire strikes, it can be completely devastating to a business. The devastation can be worse when employees aren’t aware of how to act in the event of a fire. If no one knows how to use a fire extinguisher or the proper protocol for using a fire blanket, the damage from the fire will be far worse than it would be otherwise. Workplace fires, whether large or small, pose a very real threat to worker health and safety.
- Fire safety training provides workers with the knowledge to react confidently and safely in the event of a fire in the workplace.
- It also teaches workers how to prevent fires from occurring, helping to eliminate the hazard of a fire before one occurs.
- With the knowledge that fire safety training provides, workers can help ensure the safety of themselves and their coworkers in the workplace.
Fire Risk Assessment
When considering fire risk assessment, it is useful to understand the definition of fire hazard. A fire hazard has two components balanced against each other, one is the possibility of a fire occurring and the other, the magnitude of consequences of that fire. For example, a metal fabrication workshop has a high possibility of a fire due to the cutting and welding equipment. But providing the house keeping is good and no combustible substances are present, then a fire is not likely to spread, so the consequence is low, therefore the risk can be considered to be normal or even low. The fire risk assessment helps in safeguarding people’s lives and preventing loss of property.
The objective of this study shall be to evaluate existing Fire risk and fire prevention fighting mitigating equipment’s adequacy based on fire load and fire risk in various operation areas of client to generate gaps and specific pathfinder assessment report in terms of fire safety standards compliance, organizational governance, people capability, quality assurance,infrastructure & mechanical integrity requirements for Fire Safety Management System so that catastrophic incidents can be prevented and protection strategy is up to date
There are five steps in fire risk assessment to remove the risk completely, or if not possible, reduce to an acceptable level.
- Identify the Fire Hazards
- Identify the People at Risk
- Evaluate the Hazards and Risks
- Record the Findings
- Review and Revise